SERVICE AREA: Burlington, Ontario and Surrounding Area. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Burlington Water Tech

We love water and its impact on our life. Through our blog we hope to educate you on the importance of safe drinking water as well as share with you fun and helpful info that will improve your quality of life.

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How well is your Well?

How well is your Well?
How well is your well? Is the top of your drilled well buried underground or inside a concrete chamber below the surface? Perhaps you may need a well upgrade. Quotes are free and always recommended as a good idea for future planning and budgeting. The cost of upgrading your well may be much less than the medical expenses incurred after someone gets ill from some contamination that may have entered your well. Well inspections are also highly recommended by a licensed well technician when purchasing or selling your country home. Home inspections are also needed, however, most home inspectors are not fully qualified as well technicians to determine the state of your well or what upgrades should be done to meet Ontario Ministry Of Environment standards. The picture above shows a well upgrade in progress.  
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13 Advantages to Soft Water

13 Advantages to Soft Water
Using soft water has many advantages. Here is a list of 13 we've come up with: Lower Energy Costs Water heaters work nearly 30% more efficiently when operated with soft water.Fewer Repair Bills Without exception, all water using appliances work more efficiently and require fewer repairs with soft water. Leading appliance manufacturers, such as Maytag, suggest using soft water for optimum performance of their products. Plumbing lasts longer, without the lime scale buildup caused by hard water.Spend less Money on Cleaners & Detergents Since soaps and detergents work more efficiently with soft water; you'll only need one-quarter to one-half of the suggested amount. You'll be able to obtain the same results using shorter wash cycles and cooler water.Smaller Clothing Allowance Clothes last longer and look better when washed with soft water. Studies have shown that the life of clothing and household textiles is lengthened up to 15 percent when washed in...
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Soft Water vs Hard Water

Soft Water vs Hard Water
Are you spending time trying to decide whether you need a water softener.  Here are several problems you encounter when using only hard water. Laundry Water hardness presents some obstacles to cleaning. Hardness causing minerals react with soap to form an insoluble curd that can show up on fabrics as a white powder, make fabrics feel stiff and stick on to the inside of washing machines. The forming of the curd uses some of the soap and reduces its cleaning ability. Personal Care & Cleaning Supplies In a recent survey, it was concluded that 5 to 8 percent of each dollar spent is for cleaning, laundry, bathing and personal care items. This can represent over $30 per month for an average family of four. Many of these products are purchased to combat the effects of hard water. It is estimated that the average individual cleaning the home spends more than six...
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5 Steps to Protect Your Water Supply

5 Steps to Protect Your Water Supply
Make sure the Well lid and seal are secure, in good repair and watertight.Stop liquids, waste material, garbage, or manure piles from draining towards the Well.Do not treat the area around the Well with pesticides or fertilizer.Do not flush oils, detergents, paints, solvents or other chemicals down the toilet or sink.Chlorinate and flush your water supply system after any repairs.
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How do you know your Well has a Problem?

How do you know your Well has a Problem?
Regular water tests are a good idea, but even clean Wells can conceal potential problems. Threats include cracks in the casing, dead critters in the water, Wells located in low lying, flood prone areas, or a recessed Well pit, common with older drilled Wells. In the latter scenario, the Well casing usually stops below ground, in the pit; so if surface water floods the pit, it can overflow the top of the casing and carry contaminants into the Well. To get a better idea of what your Well needs, call a licensed well technician.
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Upgrades on your Well

Upgrades on your Well
Typical upgrades for a drilled Well include installing a vermin proof Well cap and extending the casing to 46 centimeters above grade. The higher casing keeps potentially contaminated surface water from flooding the Well, while the cap deters rodents, such as mice and squirrels, and keeps spiders and earwigs from using your Well as an outhouse.
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Bottled Water

Bottled Water
Although bottled water available in Canada is generally of good quality, it is not necessarily safer or healthier than water from municipal supplies. The sale of bottled water is not licensed in Canada; however, the Health Protection Branch makes spot checks occasionally of both domestic and foreign bottled water. In addition, local Health Units do regular bacterial testing on all bottled water distribution located in their district. Municipal water supplies are checked for 100 or more substances. Only three substances must be checked in bottled water. They are bacteria content, fluoride and total dissolved solids (magnesium, iron, sodium)
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Water Treatment for Chemicals

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Carbon Filter (Does NOT Kill Bacteria) These filters remove some chemicals by passing the water through an activated carbon filter. It is best at removing tastes, odours and organic chemicals. Reverse Osmosis (Does NOT Kill Bacteria) Some chemicals are removed by passing the water through a semi-permeable membrane. It is used for removing inorganic chemicals, such as nitrates, and is frequently used in combination with carbon filters. Water should be filtered before treatment.
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Water Treatment for Bacteria

Water Treatment for Bacteria
Chlorinators: These are mechanical units that continually add chlorine to the water storage tank. The tank allows the chlorine enough contact time to kill bacteria. Chlorinators need to be checked often to make sure the right amount of chlorine is being added to the water. Ultra Violet Light Sterilization (UV Filters) Water is passed through an ultra-violet light source to kill harmful bacteria. Water must be very clear for the treatment to work properly; water may need to be filtered prior to treatment. Drinking water should be refrigerated after treatment. The light must be replaced on a regular basis. Distillers: Water is boiled in one compartment, then condensed and collected in another compartment. Water should be filtered before treatment and refrigerated thereafter. Some organic and inorganic chemicals are also removed. Ozonators: These are mechanical units that add small amounts of ozone to the water to kill most bacteria. Drinking water should...
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Testing Your Water

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Test your Well water at least twice a year for bacteria (Spring & Fall is recommended). Water samples are tested free by the Ontario Ministry of Health Laboratory in Hamilton. To have your water tested, you must use a special bottle available from the Health Department. Instructions must be followed closely or results may not be correct. We (Burlington Water~Tech) will test for Iron, Sulphur, Hardness, PH, Total Dissolved Solids, Manganese & Tannins. Call us to set up your Water Test.
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How to Prevent Contamination in your Well

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Well Location Make sure the Well is located at a safe distance from any source of contamination such as septic systems, roads and barnyards. A Dug Well should be at least 30 metres away from a septic system while a Drilled Well should be at least 15 metres away. Land Slope The land around a Well should slope away from the Well to prevent surface water from flowing to the Well Casing. Do not store, use, or dispose of garbage, manure, gasoline, salt, pesticides or any other potential contaminant anywhere near the Well. Always get rid of household hazardous wastes by way of the Region's Household Hazardous Waste Program. Remember, waste poured onto the ground can inevitably get into your water supply or your neighbor's. Well Construction The sanitary Well seal and cap should be securely in place and watertight. If the cap is damaged or cracked, replace it immediately. The...
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Types of Water Contaminants

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Bacteria - A Halton Well Water Survey showed that up to 60% of all Wells had unacceptable levels of total coli forms. This strongly suggests that disease causing organisms could be present. A major cause of this contamination is insufficient Well maintenance. Coli form organisms are a group of bacteria that are frequently found in the environment and are used to measure the safety of your water. Coli form bacteria are not harmful, but the fact that they are present tells you that other disease-causing organisms may be in your water supply. The presence of more than 5 coli form bacteria in a water sample commonly means that surface water has washed contaminants into the Well. E. Coli bacteria live in the intestines of humans and warm blooded animals. There are many different types of these bacteria. Only a few of them can make you sick. If any amount of E....
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What You Can Do To Ensure a Safe Water Supply?

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Ensure your Well is properly built and located to prevent the direct entryway for surface water.Have your water tested regularly. Testing in the Spring and Fall is recommended as a minimum.Take a sample if your Well has been subjected to flooding.Always take the sample from a newly constructed or renovated Well.If your water supply is equipped with a treatment device, ensure proper maintenance and servicing of the unit. (eg. Chlorinators, Filters, UV Systems, Reverse Osmosis, etc.).Make sure Well Pump and distribution systems are investigated regularly.Changes in the quality and quantity of water should be looked into immediately.
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Emergency Treatment of Small Amounts of Drinking Water

Emergency Treatment of Small Amounts of Drinking Water
You may want to treat small amounts of water for immediate use until the Well and Plumbing System are successfully disinfected. Boiling: Bring water to a rolling boil for 5 minutes. Cool, and refrigerate.Chlorination: Add 1.25 ml (1/4tsp) of household bleach to 4 � litres (1 gallon) of water.Mix well and allow to stand a minimum of 15 minutes before drinking.
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What happens to you if you drink contaminated water?

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Private Wells can become contaminated with nitrate, bacteria and/or many other chemicals. The effects of drinking contaminated water can range from no reaction at all to severe illness and sometimes even death. Many factors affect the potential reaction such as the age, general health of the person, the type (s) of contaminant (s), the amount and how long he or she has been exposed to the contaminant. Effects of drinking contaminated water may happen immediately, or may not be noticed for many years.
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Common Causes of Water Contamination

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Before disinfecting your Well, investigate and correct possible sources of contamination such as: Surface water running into or collecting near the Well.A defective or improperly installed Well Casing, cover or pipe connection which would allow surface water, animals, insects or plant material to enter the Well. (Well casing not sealed).Nearby septic systems or manure piles, which are within 30M (100ft) of the well.Openings in the well seal.Well casing not being deep enough.A source of contamination not related to the Well Construction.
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